Constitution

SECTION 1

1.1 NAME
The Federation shall be known as the Singapore Silat Federation (Persekutuan Silat Singapura) – or PERSISI hereafter called “FEDERATION”.
1.2 PLACE OF BUSINESS
Its place of business shall be at “No. 7 Bedok North Street 2, #01-01, #02-01, Singapore 469646” or such other address as may subsequently be decided upon by the Management Committee and approved by the Registrar of Societies. The Federation shall carry out its activities only in places and premises, which have prior written approval from the relevant authorities, where necessary.
1.3 MISSION
To be the beacon for Pencak Silat in Singapore promoting it as a wholesome sport for ALL and nurturing those with the attributes for “competitive silat” to realize their maximum potential.
1.4 VISION
Pencak Silat, a mainstream and widely participated sport in multi-racial Singapore, and an important contributor of regional and international awards and accolades to Singapore sports.
1.5 OBJECTIVES

The objects of the Federation are:

a) To uphold, as the Singapore national organization for Pencak Silat, the rules and regulations of the Pencak Silat as adopted by the International Pencak Silat Federation;
b) To promote the sport of Pencak Silat in the Republic of Singapore so as to advance the health of all who play the sport;
c) To do all things complimentary or incidental to attain the above
d) To arrange and organize tournaments and competitions locally and internationally;
e) To affiliate the Federation with the International Pencak Silat Federation (Persilat), the Asia Pacific Pencak Silat Federation (AP Persilat), People’s Association, Singapore Sports Council, Singapore National Olympic Council and other sports and cultural bodies it deems necessary;
f) To act as a Continuing Education Body for Silat Masters & Practitioners to further upgrade their knowledge;
g) To regulate and control the conduct of silat trainees, instructors, masters and those within the purview of the Federation in the Republic of Singapore;
h) To take all the steps it deems necessary in order to prevent the infringement of its constitution as well as of the Regulations of PERSILAT (International Pencak Silat Federation) and further to prevent the introduction of undesirable methods or practices in the sport;
i) To prohibit and to make sure there is no area of political, religious or racial discrimination among its members;
j) To foster and promote silat in every way it deems fit;
k) To organize training, grading and competition at national and international levels; and
l) To safeguard and respect the interests of its members.
1.6 PROPERTY
a) Subject to Rule 1.6(b), the Federation shall have the power to own property of all kinds for the purpose of the Federation’s objects.
b) If the Association at any time acquires any immovable property, such property shall be vested in trustees subject to a declaration of trust.
1.7 ADVISORS AND PATRONS
a) The Federation may invite prominent Singaporeans who have made special contributions to Pencak Silat or to sports or community in general, to become Patrons of and the Advisors to the Federation and may designate among such Patrons and Advisors, a Patron-in-Chief and Advisor-in-Chief. Patrons and Advisors are not eligible to vote or hold office in the Management Committee.
b) The Federation is empowered to determine the term and service of such Patrons and Advisors. It can terminate the term of the Patrons and Advisors and re-appoint replacements as it deems fit and appropriate.

Section 2: MEMBERSHIP CATEGORIES, QUALIFICATIONS AND RIGHTS

Membership of the Federation shall consist of the following categories of members:

a) Ordinary Members;
b) Associate Members; and
c) Honorary Members
2.1: ORDINARY MEMBERS
a) Ordinary Members shall include entities which are registered with the Singapore Registry of Societies, or which are entities within the Singapore government or statutory boards.
b) Ordinary Members must have a minimum of 30 valid paying members and be directly related to promoting Pencak Silat through youth development programmes and participation in competitions and/or other related programmes.
c) Ordinary Members shall consist of silat clubs or silat associations with approved silat schools (perguruan) registered with the Registry of Societies or entities within the Singapore government or statutory board, and shall have voting rights and rights to hold office in the Federation, subject to Article 3.2.
2.2: ASSOCIATE MEMBERS
a) Associate Members shall include persons who are supporters and well-wishers of the Federation.
b) Membership shall be by application and the applicant may be required to give such particulars in writing, as the Federation shall stipulate.
c) Associate Members shall consist of any individual, sports club or school that promotes silat as one of its activities and shall not have any voting rights but are eligible to hold sub-office in the Federation.
2.3: HONORARY MEMBERS
a) The Management Committee may invite any distinguished person to become an Honorary Member of the Federation. He shall have no voting right at meetings nor shall he be eligible to hold office in the Management Committee.
b) An Honorary Member shall be entitled to use the facilities of the Federation.
2.4: APPLICATION FOR MEMBERSHIP
a) The Management Committee shall process all membership applications within 3 months of receipt of such application and accept those that meet the established criteria and may accept or reject others based on defensible reason(s) that must be documented. Any rejected applicant shall have the rights to appeal set out in the standard operating procedures (“SOP”) of the Federation or determined by the Management Committee from time to time.
b) A person or entity wishing to join the Federation should submit his/her particulars to the Secretary General on a prescribed form.
c) A new member must be proposed by one proposer and seconded by one seconder, both of whom shall be existing members of the Federation.
d) A copy of the Constitution shall be furnished to every approved member (upon payment of subscription fee).
e) Ordinary and Associate members are required to renew membership with the Federation after every two (2) years, within one (1) month from the date they gained membership status. If a member fails to renew his/her membership within one (1) month from the date their membership status expires, the Secretary General shall inform him immediately. If he fails to renew his/her membership within three (3) months, he will automatically cease to be a member.
f)

Ordinary members are required to submit the following documents to the Federation by 31 January each year for compliance purposes, namely:

  1. Latest annual audited accounts and Annual Report;
  2. Completed Affiliation Forms
  3. Current members of the Management Committee; and
  4. Any other documents that may required by the Federation from time to time

For the avoidance of the doubt, failure to comply with the foregoing despite numerous reminders may result in revocation of membership to the Federation without any refund in membership fees.

2.5: SUBSCRIPTION FEE AND DUES
a) The subscription fee shall be determined by the General Meeting on recommendation from the Committee from time to time.
b)

Annual subscription are payable as follows

  1. Ordinary Membership $150 per annum
  2. Associate Membership $100 per annum
c) There shall be no subscriptions payable for Honorary Members.
d) Annual subscriptions are payable in advance within one month of the calendar year. If a member falls into arrears with his/her subscriptions or other dues, the Honorary Treasurer shall inform him immediately. If he fails to settle his/her arrears within the first month of the becoming due, the President may order that his/her name be posted on the Federation’s notice board and that he be denied the privileges of membership until he settles his/her account. If he falls into arrears for more than 3 months, he will automatically cease to be a member.
2.6: ACTIVITIES OF MEMBERS
Any member shall not take part or compete in any official competition, tournament or game (other than friendly games) not organized or sanctioned by the Federation without prior approval of the Federation.

Section 3

3.1 SUPREME AUTHORITY/GENERAL MEETING/ EXTRAODINARY GENERAL MEETING
a) The supreme authority of the Federation is vested in a General Meeting
b) A General Meeting of the Federation shall be called once in every two calendar years and not later than 3 months after Federation’s financial year-end.
c) The following points will be considered at the General Meeting:

  1. The preceding financial year’s accounts and annual report of the Management Committee.
  2. Where applicable, to elect new Management Committee Members and Honorary Auditors for the following term.
d) Any other General Meeting of the Federation shall be called an Extraordinary General Meeting of the Federation. The business transacted at the Extraordinary General Meeting shall be deemed to be special.
e) An Extraordinary General Meeting may be convened by the Management Committee or on receipt of a written requisition by at least one third of the total number of Ordinary Members of the Federation or 30 Ordinary Members of the Federation, whichever is the lesser. The requisition shall state reasons for requesting such a meeting.
f) Upon receipt of a requisition, the Management Committee shall call for an Extraordinary General Meeting to be held within 21 working days’ from the date of receipt of such requisition.
g) An Extraordinary General Meeting must be called by the President on the request in writing of not less than 25% of the total voting membership or thirty (30) voting members, whichever is the lesser, and may be called at anytime by order if the Management Committee. The notice in writing shall be given to the Secretary General setting forth the business that is to be transacted. The Extraordinary General Meeting shall be convened within two (2) months from receiving this request to convene the Extraordinary General Meeting. If the Management Committee does not within 2 months after the date of the receipt of the written request proceed to convene an Extraordinary General Meeting, the members who requested for the Extraordinary General Meeting shall convene the Extraordinary General Meeting by giving 21 working days’ clear notice to voting members setting forth the business to be transacted and simultaneously posting the agenda on the Federation’s notice board.
h) The quorum for any general meeting shall not be less than one third of ordinary members entitled to vote.
i) In the event there being no quorum at a general meeting, the meeting shall stand adjourned for half an hour, members present at the adjourned meeting shall be deemed to constitute a quorum.
j) Provided that such adjourned meeting shall have no power to alter, amend or make additions to any of the existing rules.
k) At least twenty-one working days’ notice shall be given of a General Meeting. Notice of meeting stating the date, time and place of meeting shall be sent by the Secretary General to the Management Committee Members and Ordinary Members. The particulars of the agenda shall be posted on the Federation’s notice board seven days in advance of the meeting.
l) Any matters for resolutions shall be notified to the Secretary General at least fourteen days before the date of the meeting. The agenda, annual report and audited statement of accounts for the preceding year, shall be forwarded to the Management Committee Members and Ordinary Members at least seven working days’ before the date of the meeting.
m) All resolutions at the General Meeting of the Federation shall be passed by majority of the Ordinary Members present and voting in person in favour or against the resolution. Such polling would be carried out by a secret ballot system or by show of hand. In the event of equality of votes, the Chairman of the meeting shall have a casting vote.
n) Voting by proxy is allowed during the General Meeting or Extraordinary General Meeting of the Federation.
o) Prior to the General or Extraordinary General Meeting, the members of the Management Committee shall elect a Chairman to preside over the Meeting. The Chairman must not be a member of the Management Committee.
p) Any motion at any General Meeting shall be decided by the simple majority of vote of Ordinary Members.
3.2 REPRESENTATION
a) Each Ordinary Member is allowed to send two representatives who are 21 years old and above to represent the club or association in the General Meeting. Each Ordinary Member shall only send one nomination who is 21 years old and above for the election of Management Committee.
b) The names of the representatives of the Ordinary Member should be submitted to the Federation at least ten days before the General Meeting, in a prescribed form provided by the Federation.
c) Nominations for election will close seven working days before the General Meeting. Nominees must declare to the Secretary General by stating in the nomination forms, any personal or business interests related to the Federation. The information must be made known to voters before the election.
d) Representatives of the Ordinary Members may be replaced two hours before the General Meeting is to be held. Replacement for the nominee for election of the Management Committee shall not be allowed.
3.3 ELIGIBLE VOTERS
a) Only representatives submitted by the Ordinary Members in the nomination form for representation in a General Meeting are allowed to vote.
b) If an Ordinary Member is found to be in arrears of subscription fees during the General Meeting, the nomination of their representative shall be considered void and the Ordinary Member’s representative will be required to leave the General Meeting and all voting rights accorded to him will be forfeited.
c) For avoidance of doubt, the outgoing members of the Management Committee are not allowed to vote during the General Meeting.
d) Voting for the office bearers will be conducted through secret ballot in ballot forms provided by the Federation.
e) Voting for the office bearer shall be conducted to elect 11 Management Committee members.
f) A President shall be elected by the Management Committee members from amongst its members, within 24 hours of the election of the new Management Committee.
g) The Management Committee shall appoint members of the Executive Committee (“EXCO”) from amongst the Committee members. The President has up to 7 days to present to the new committee his/her line-up of the EXCO.
h) The Management Committee shall have the authority to reshuffle, dismiss or re-appoint members of EXCO during their term of office.
i) The Management Committee shall have the power to terminate the appointment of any member of the EXCO by a vote of no confidence.
j) A Management Committee Member dismissed or terminated under this Constitution may within one month of the notification of his/her dismissal or termination, appeal to the General Meeting of members against the decision of the Management committee. The decision of the General Meeting shall be final.
k) Any changes in the Management Committee shall be notified to the Registrar of Societies and the Commissioner of Charities within two (2) weeks of the changes.
3.4 MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE
a) A duly elected Management Committee shall govern the Federation; conduct its business and act in the best interests of the Federation and its members.
b) The Management Committee shall consist of:

  • The President
  • Deputy President
  • Secretary General
  • Assistant Secretary General
  • Honorary Treasurer
  • 6 Committee Members
c) All nominees for election to the Management Committee shall be representatives of the Ordinary Members. Nominees shall be 21 years old and above.
The members of the Management Committee shall serve without any compensation for their services rendered while carrying out their duties.
d) The Executive Committee (EXCO) shall consist of:

  • President
  • Deputy President
  • Secretary General
  • Assistant Secretary General
  • Honorary Treasurer
e) The Management Committee shall empower EXCO to make decisions on its behalf from time to time as may be dictated by exigencies.
f) The Management Committee may also make decisions or vote outside the scope of a meeting via a Circular Resolution, done through electronic mail or facsimile.
g) Any member of the Management Committee of the Federation who resigns from or is no longer a member of the Management Committee of the affiliate he/she represents will automatically cease to be a member of the Management Committee of the Federation. His/her representation at the International Federation as an official Federation will also automatically cease.
h) The Management Committee may not act contrary to the expressed wished of the General Meeting without prior reference to it and shall always remain subordinate to the General Meeting
3.5 POWERS OF THE MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE
The Management Committee shall have the power to act in the following, for and in the name of the Federation:

a) To carry out and further the objectives of the Federation.
b) The Chairman and members of each Sub-Committee shall be appointed by the Management Committee from amongst members of the Management Committee, volunteers of the Federation or other external professionals who are competent, to advise in their respective fields in connection with the subject matter for which the Sub-Committee has been formed to look into.
c) To receive and approve reports from Sub-Committees.
d) To consider applications of membership.
e) To approve expenditure on approved projects.
f) To decide on appeals against any decisions made by any of the Sub-Committees that are set up to deal with disciplinary matters.
g) To do all other acts as are consistent with the objects and interests of the Federation.
h) To formulate a policy specifying the types of business conduct or transactions that may raise concerns of partiality, which shall include clear procedures for disclosure of actual or potential conflict(s), and the review of such business conduct or transactions by neutral members of the Management Committee.
3.6 MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE MEETINGS
a) The Management Committee shall meet as often as it deems necessary, but not less than once in two months, for carrying out the objectives of the Federation. At least five working days’ notice of meeting shall be given to the Management Committee Members.
b) Any Management Committee meeting convened not less than five working days’ notice shall be deemed as invalid. Subsequently, any resolutions and/or decisions passed in such a meeting would be rendered null and void.
3.7 ABSENCE OF MEETINGS
Any member of the Management Committee who absents himself without furnishing a satisfactory explanation to the Management Committee for three consecutive meetings shall cease to be a Management Committee thereof.
3.8 QUORUM OF MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE
One-half of the members of the Management Committee present shall constitute the quorum for any meetings of the Management Committee.
3.9 AUDITORS
a) Two representatives from different Ordinary Members, not being members of the Management Committee, shall be elected as Honorary Auditors at the General Meeting. This tenure shall be two years and they shall not be eligible for re-election to the same post for a consecutive term.
b) They are to audit the monthly statements of accounts within the first week after every month ends and submit a report at the first Management Committee meeting after they have audited the statements of account.
c) The Management Committee shall appoint a qualified External Auditors to audit its annual account and internal control systems, and present a report to the Management Committee.
3.10 TENURE
a) The term of office for the Management Committee shall be for a period of two years.
b) The Management Committee shall be eligible to hold office up to a maximum of four consecutive terms, except for the Honorary Treasurer who is eligible to hold office for only one term, upon which new Honorary Treasurer shall be elected.
c) The maximum accumulative tenure an individual may serve, as President will be eight years, regardless of the number of years served as a non-presiding member in the Management Committee.
d) The Management Committee may co-opt members who have reached the maximum accumulative tenure for the purpose of representation in the regional/international Federations.
e) The outgoing Management Committee shall remain in office until the first meeting of the incoming Management Committee, which shall not be later than fourteen days following the date of election.

Section 4

4.1 DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
a)

President

  1. The President shall chair the Management Committee meeting and serve as consultant to all sub committees.
  2. The President shall serve as representative of Singapore Silat Federation to Singapore Sports Council and others.
  3. The President shall inform succeeding officers of their responsibilities.
  4. The President shall perform other such duties as the membership or Constitution may specify.
  5. The President shall be one of the cheque signatories of the Federation.
b)

Deputy President

  1. The Deputy President shall fulfil the President’s duties in his/her absence.
  2. The Deputy President shall coordinate all activities and events of the Federation.
  3. The Deputy President shall work with the President to develop new programs and events.
  4. The Deputy President shall schedule guest speakers after consulting and obtaining consent from the Management Committee.
  5. The Deputy President shall perform other activities such duties as the membership or Constitution may specify.
c)

Secretary General

  1. The Secretary General shall keep the minutes of all meetings including the decisions, approvals and other material information arising from the proceedings of such meetings, and records of the Federation in appropriate books.
  2. The Secretary General shall give and serve all notices to members of this Federation.
  3. The Secretary General shall be the official custodian of the records and seal, including the register of members of this Federation.
  4. The Secretary General shall be one of the officers required to sign the drafts of the Federation and may be one of the cheque signatories of the Federation.
  5. The Secretary General shall present to the members at any meetings, any communication addressed to him/her as Secretary General of the Federation.
  6. The Secretary General shall submit to the Management Committee any communications addressed to him/her as Secretary General of the Federation.
  7. The Secretary General shall attend to all correspondence of the Federation and shall exercise all duties incident to the office of Secretary General.
  8. The Secretary General shall report to the Management Committee any infringement of the Constitution, which may come to his/her notice.
d) Assistant Secretary GeneralThe Assistant Secretary General shall assist the Secretary General in his/her duties and shall act as Secretary General in his/her absence.
e)

Honorary Treasurer

  1. The Honorary Treasurer shall have the care and custody of all monies belonging to the Federation and shall be solely responsible for such monies or securities of the Federation.
  2. The Honorary Treasurer shall cause to maintain an operating float sum not exceeding $2,000.00. The balance cash collection of the funds of the Federation shall be deposited in a savings bank within the following working day, except that the Management Committee may cause such funds to be invested in such investments as shall be legal for a non-profit corporation in this state.
  3. The Honorary Treasurer must be one of the officers who shall sign cheques or drafts pertaining to financial matters of the Federation. Cheques or drafts pertaining to financial matters of the Federation shall be countersigned by the President or the Secretary General. No special fund may be set aside that shall make it unnecessary for the Honorary Treasurer to sign the cheques issued upon it.
  4. The Honorary Treasurer shall render at stated periods as the Management Committee shall determine a written account of the finances of the Federation and such report shall be physically affixed to the minutes of the Board of Directors of such meeting.
  5. The Honorary Treasurer shall exercise all duties incident to the office of Honorary Treasurer.
  6. The Honorary Treasurer shall not be eligible for re-election to the same or related post for 2 consecutive terms.
f) Committee MembersThe Committee Members shall assist in the general administration of the Federation and perform duties assigned by the Management Committee from time to time.
4.2 VOTING BY THE MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE
a) All bills and resolutions submitted at regular and special meetings shall be decided by voting of the Management Committee members. All elected members shall have equal standing in all voting except that the Chairman of the meeting shall vote only in cases of a tie on issues requiring a plurality cote, and that any member shall be permitted to abstain.
b) Absent elected member of the Management Committee may write or call in to vote on the bills and resolutions in such manner as determined by the Management Committee. Proxy voting may be allowed (in manner as determined by the Management Committee) if a formal authorization for a particular meeting of the Management Committee has been given in advance.
c) Except on routine procedural questions and in elections, the roll shall be called and the voting recorded in the minutes of the meeting. All other questions shall be decided by the vote of a majority of the members present except as otherwise requires by the Constitution.
4.3 FINANCIAL YEAR
The financial year of the Federation shall begin on 1st April and end on the 31st March in each year.
4.4 PRESS RELEASES
Only the President, the Deputy Presidents and the Secretary General or a person authorized by the President or Deputy Presidents, shall be entitled to make press releases.

Section 5

5.1 EMPLOYEES OF THE FEDERATION
a) The Management Committee of the Federation may at its discretion employ employees to support the administration, finance and operation of the Federation.
b) No members of the Management Committee are allowed to be an employee of the Federation.
c) If any Management Committee members wish to be an employee of the Federation, the said member shall relinquish his/her position as a Committee Member.
5.2 DUTIES OF FEDERATION EMPLOYEES
The duties of all employees will be to support and promote the effective operation of the Federation.

Section 6

6.1 TRUSTEES
Trustees of the Federation shall:

a) Not to be more than four and not less than two in number.
b) Be elected by a General Meeting of members.
c) Not affect any sale or mortgage of property without the prior approval of the General Meeting of members.
6.2 OFFICE OF TRUSTEES
The office of the trustees shall be vacated:

a) If the trustee demise or become of unsound mind.
b) If he/she absent from the Republic of Singapore for a period of more than one year.
c) If he/she is guilty of misconduct of such kind as to render it undesirable that he continues as a trustee.
d) If he/she submits notice of resignation from his/her trusteeship.
6.3 REMOVAL OF TRUSTEES
Notice of any proposal to remove a trustee from his/her trusteeship or to appoint a new trustee to fill vacancy must be given by the Secretary General to all Management Committee members and Ordinary Members by post or electronic mail, and by posting it on the notice board in the Federation premises at least two weeks before the General Meeting at which the proposal is to be discussed. The result of such General Meeting shall then be notified to the Registrar of Societies and the Commissioner of Charities.
6.4 NAME OF TRUSTEES, PROPERTIES AND CHANGES
The address of each immovable property, name of each trustee and any subsequent change must be notified to the Registrar of Societies and the Commissioner of Charities within 2 weeks of the change.

Section 7

7.1 VISITORS AND GUESTS
Visitors and guests may be admitted into the premises of the Federation but they shall not be admitted to the privileges of the Federation nor shall they be admitted into the premises more than six (6) times in a calendar year. These visits are to be confined to not more than once in fourteen (14) days.A Visitor’s Book shall be kept, in which shall be entered the names of all visitors and guests, together with the names and signatures of the members nominating them and the dates of their visits. No person shall be a visitor or guest till his/her name has been entered in this book.
7.2 PROHIBITIONS
a) Gambling of any kind, excluding the promotion or conduct of a private lottery, which has been permitted under the Private Lotteries Act Cap 250, is forbidden on the Federation’s premises. The introduction of materials for gambling or drug taking and of bad characters into the premises is prohibited.
b) The funds of the Federation shall not be used to pay fines of members who have been convicted in court.
c) The Federation shall not engage in any trade union activity as defined in any written law relating to trade unions for the time being in force in Singapore.
d) The Federation shall not attempt to restrict or interfere with trade or make directly or indirectly any recommendation to, any arrangement with its members which has the purpose or is likely to have the effect of fixing or controlling the price or any discount, allowance or rebate relating to any goods or service which adversely affect consumer interests.
e) The Federation shall not hold any lottery, whether confined to its members or not in the name of the Federation or its office bearers, Management Committee or members unless with the prior approval of the relevant authorities.
f) The Federation shall not raise funds from the public for whatever purposes without the prior written approval in writing of the Head, Licensing Division, Singapore Police Force and other relevant authorities.
g) The Federation shall not operate a sports club affiliated to the Federation.

Section 8

8.1 AMENDMENTS TO CONSTITUTION
The Federation shall not amend it Constitution without the prior approval in writing of the Registrar of Societies and the Commissioner of Charities. No amendments or additions/ deletion to this constitution shall be made except at a General Meeting and with the consent of two thirds of the voting members present at the General Meeting with a quorum.
8.2 INTERPRETATION
In the event of any question or matter pertaining to the day-to-day administration, which is not expressly provided for in this Constitution, the Management Committee shall have the power to use their own discretion. The decision of the Management Committee shall be final unless it is reversed at the General Meeting of the members.
8.3 DISPUTES
In the event of any dispute arising amongst members, they shall attempt to resolve the matter at an Extraordinary General Meeting in accordance with this Constitution. Should the member the fail to resolve the matter, they may bring the matter to a court of law for settlement.
8.4 DISSOLUTIONS
a) The Federation shall not be dissolved, except with the consent of not less than 2/3 of the total voting membership of the Federation for the time being resident in Singapore expressed, either in person or by proxy, at a General Meeting convened for the purpose.
b) In the event of the Federation being dissolved as provided above, all debts and liabilities legally incurred on behalf of the Federation shall be fully discharged, and the remaining funds shall be distributed to other charities or Institutions of a Public Character (IPCs) approved under the Charities Act.
c) A Certificate of Dissolution shall be given within seven (7) days of the dissolution to the Registrar of Societies and the Commissioner of Charities.